There are primary and secondary varicose veins in the lower extremities. When the venous system fails to perform its function adequately, secondary ones develop due to injury, tumor, etc.
Primary develops due to weak vein walls. Causes of the development of varicose veins in the lower extremities:
- hormone imbalance;
- heavy static loads;
- jobs that involve standing for long periods of time (e. g. hairdressers, sellers, waiters);
- Bad sitting posture, especially cross-legged;
- High heel;
- A sedentary lifestyle.
All of these factors lead to worsening blood outflow from the lower extremities, which can lead to superficial vein overflow, dilation, and formation of blood stagnation. Genetics plays an important role in the development of disease.
Varicose veins of lower extremities - symptoms
Varicose veins of the lower extremities are accompanied by such signs:
- swelling of the legs at the end of the workday;
- a feeling of heaviness in the legs;
- Calf muscle cramps mainly at night;
- leg pain, burning sensation;
- spider veins in the legs;
- Form trophic ulcers.
Spider veins are small red-blue nodules on the skin that can be seen on the legs when the disease begins. Often, varicose veins in the lower extremities can cause particular discomfort during pregnancy.
Varicose veins of lower extremities - stages
There are several stages in the development of the disease:
- Compensation - spider veins and twisted veins on legs, no complaints
- Subcompensation - complaints of swelling, calf muscle cramps, heaviness, leg fatigue, visibly dilated veins
- Decompensation - dermatitis, small bleeding, skin dense, dry, prone to injury, age spots
The earlier a disease is detected, the easier it is to treat.
Varicose veins of lower extremities - diagnosis
In order to accurately diagnose the disease, you must consult a doctor. Vascular surgery for the treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities. To make a diagnosis, in addition to complaints and visual inspection, special research methods need to be applied.
Dual vascular scans are considered the gold standard. This method combines ultrasound and Doppler scanning. Thus, it is possible to view the state of the vessel wall in real time and assess the blood flow velocity in the venous system of the lower extremities.
Varicose veins of lower extremities - complications
If you have varicose veins of the lower extremities, treatment should be started as soon as possible, otherwise the condition will worsen and will be accompanied by serious complications. The stagnation of blood in the veins contributes to the formation of blood clots, venous thrombosis, and if the veins are also inflamed - thrombophlebitis.
Blood clots that form at any time can rupture from their location and enter the bloodstream. In this case, blood clots enter the pulmonary veins, blocking them. At the same time, a person can suffocate even before an ambulance arrives, as this horrific complication is extremely difficult to treat even in specialist hospitals and the time to save lives is limited.
In addition, the nutrition of the lower extremities is disturbed due to blood stagnation. Deep trophic ulcers form on the skin that do not heal well and spread easily. This can lead to amputation.
Based on the fact that lower extremity varicose vein complications are not completely harmless, it is necessary to contact a qualified specialist as soon as possible. Only a doctor can prescribe effective treatments and help avoid complications.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - how to treat with ointment
In pharmacies, you can find a large number of creams for treating varicose veins of the lower extremities. They are based on substances that improve tissue nutrition, relieve swelling and strengthen the walls of blood vessels. Varicose veins of the lower extremities, photos and reviews of the ointment are on the drug page on the web.
In the early stages of disease development, the use of various ointments can improve the condition of the venous system and slow the progression of the disease, but ultimately cannot overcome varicose veins of the lower extremities. Results are only available after seeing a doctor.
Varicose veins of lower extremities - conservative management
It is based on the use of compression underwear, stockings, golf balls, tights, and sometimes even a diet. How to treat lower extremity varicose veins? Medical treatment without surgery cannot be considered 100% effective when the disease is fairly severe. If there are trophic ulcers and varicose veins running, treatment without surgery is not possible.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - treatment: surgery or surgery?
- Intravascular coagulation. Do you have varicose veins in your lower extremities? Laser treatment in Moscow is a small endovascular procedure during which a vein is occluded with a laser. You will remove varicose veins from the lower extremities, and laser treatment is based on directing blood flow into the desired veins. This is how varicose veins of the lower extremities are defeated. Laser treatment is inexpensive, short time, well tolerated by the patient, forget about varicose veins in the lower extremities, laser treatment (affordable in our center) is very effective. The final number depends on the stage of the disease and the workload of the doctor. Don't be afraid, then attack the varicose veins in the lower extremities again. The laser treatment (very many reviews! ) is sure to get you on your feet!
- Brachytherapy is a minimally invasive technique in which a small portion of the affected main vein is removed. Therefore, as much of the healthy part of the vein can be preserved as possible.
- Cryophlebectomy - using a cryoprobe to remove a vein. The surgery is less invasive - however, a small incision needs to be made to insert the probe. After the operation, you can see the result immediately.
Varicose veins of lower extremities - radiofrequency therapy
How to remove lower extremity varicose veins? RFA therapy is of particular interest to patients. Why do many people dream of getting rid of lower extremity varicose veins and do they prefer RFO treatment?
If you want to forget about varicose veins in your lower extremities, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a procedure that can be done on an outpatient basis. Radiofrequency ablation in Moscow uses radio frequency to "weld" veins and remove varicose veins in the lower extremities. RFO treatment in Moscow is fast and effective.
Varicose veins of lower extremities - sclerotherapy treatment
Sclerotherapy is a treatment in which a special substance is injected into the affected vein, causing it to harden.
Varicose veins of lower extremities - sclerotherapy treatment
Sclerotherapy can be added to any intervention on the veins. The procedure is nearly painless and performed on an outpatient basis.
Phlebectomy is a traditional procedure to remove affected veins in the lower extremities. It is performed in a hospital by a vascular or general surgeon to eventually remove varicose veins in the lower extremities. Treatment after surgery includes long-term pain medication, antibiotics, and compression therapy.
Varicose veins of lower extremities. What to treat?
Each treatment has its own indications and contraindications. To choose the best method, you need to consult a doctor who will assess your varicose veins and how to cure them - and he will tell you.
Varicose veins of lower extremities, home treatment
In addition to surgical treatment, there are adjunctive methods that can slightly remove lower extremity varicose veins. Folk remedies treatments that can be performed at home.
Attention - Varicose veins of lower extremities
Treat with folk methods (prices vary for herbs and ointments), but still don't put too much hope in a green pharmacy.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities should be paid attention to nutrition, treated with folk methods, and you get what you pay for. To limit the intake of meat, spicy, salty and smoked foods, increase the intake of vegetables and fruits in the diet, exclude alcohol and coffee.
The best daily routine and therapeutic exercises will help improve blood circulation in the extremities. This will take 10-15 minutes per day.
Simple folk remedies can complement complex measures to treat varicose veins. Rubbing feet with horse chestnut tincture, apple cider vinegar, garlic butter and many other remedies have been known since ancient times. They will relieve varicose veins of the lower extremities, fees, photos and results can be viewed on our internet site.
Varicose veins of lower extremities - prevention
For prevention, we must first adhere to the work system. You cannot stand or sit in one position all the time. It's worth taking a break every now and then to give your legs a break.
After a hard day's work, you can have a foot massage, preferably with your feet on the table. This improves blood flow from the extremities.
You cannot participate in the hot tub and sauna. To prevent varicose veins, it is more helpful to take a contrast shower and rinse your legs with cold water.
It's important to pay attention to your weight. Being overweight increases the load on the venous system and contributes to the development of the disease.
If there is a predisposition to the development of the disease and all risk factors cannot be ruled out, prevention is best. Don't despair, even if the disease has begun. Varicose veins of the lower extremities are not a word. By spotting problems in time and contacting a specialist, you can get rid of the disease and avoid serious complications.
Frequently asked questions by patients about varicose veins
Are lower extremity varicose veins dangerous during pregnancy?
Varicose veins of the lower extremities during pregnancy carry some risk of developing thromboembolic complications. Therefore, it is necessary to contact a phlebologist and follow his advice.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities have been varicose for a long time, what surgery is better?
If you have varicose veins in the lower extremities, modern minimally invasive surgery would be the best option. The best today are heat removal technologies (laser and radio frequency).
I was diagnosed with varicose veins of the lower extremities, how is the surgery done?
You have been diagnosed with varicose veins of the lower extremities and you will need surgery. In my country, there is no single method for the choice of surgical treatment. There is a classic and outdated phlebotomy, which is an incision and anesthesia. This surgery is usually performed in public hospitals. In specialized venous centers, innovative techniques are used through puncture access (puncture). This procedure is performed on an outpatient basis, under local anesthesia, without incisions and pain.
Varicose veins, what are they?
Varicose veins of the lower extremities are a chronic progressive disease characterized by pathological dilation of venous vessels, disrupting the normal function of venous valves, and thus adversely affecting blood flow. This usually occurs in people whose work and lifestyle are associated with long-term static loads.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities, what is the treatment?
When establishing the diagnosis: varicose veins of the lower extremities, a fairly diverse approach to treatment is used. The conservative approach has many advocates among patients and physicians. But you need to clarify immediately that the treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities cannot be conservative. Modern treatments for varicose veins involve the use of innovative techniques that fundamentally eliminate the pathology.